Before we move on to know about the various causes of Meniere’s disease, it is first essential to understand what it is. So, if you are someone suffering from this problem and want to know complete information about it and its possible causes, then reading this post will definitely be helpful to you.
What is Meniere’s disease?
Meniere’s disease is an inner ear’s ailment or disorder that leads to episodes in which a person feels like spinning or vertigo. Over the time of span, the ailment can be combined with regular spinning and fluctuating hearing loss. But if not taken into consideration, then this can eventually result in a permanent hearing loss.
There are various severe problems that may occur due to Meniere’s disease. One common among them is tinnitus, which is ringing in the ear. Sometimes, one may even experience the feeling of pressure or fullness in the ear.
In most of the situations, the Meniere’s disease affects only one ear. This ailment can occur to anyone and at any age but is mainly identified among individuals between the ages of 20 and 50.
Meniere’s disease is a chronic situation, but it can be treated with various treatments. If the ailment is severe then proper treatment can help alleviate the symptoms and reduce the long-term impact of the ailment on your life.
Causes of Meniere’s disease
The Meniere’s disease can be a severe problem resulting in severe consequences. Hence, knowing its causes will help you to stay prevented from this ailment.
As a whole, the causes of Meniere’s disease are properly unknown. According to a popular theory, the ailment of Meniere disease occurs as a result of the abnormal volume of fluid, also known as endolymph, within the inner surface of the ear.
This cause is known through autopsies but is not clear completely. In addition to this, the other factors contributing to the occurrence of this ailment are listed below.
- Trauma of the Head
- Genetic Predisposition
- Viral Infections
- Various types of allergic reactions
- Abnormal immune response
- Improper drainage of the fluid that might result in Meniere’s disease
Since there is no single proven cause for the ailment, so it is expected that Meniere’s disease might occur due to a combination of various factors contributing to its occurrence.
Symptoms of Meniere’s disease
Now you know the various causes of Meniere’s disease, so you must also be aware of its symptoms. It is because knowing the symptoms can help you take proper medication much prior in advance.
- Hearing Loss – A prominent symptom of Meniere’s disease is hearing loss. This symptom can be fluctuating and is identified at the initial stage. Eventually, if a person is not treated with the problem then there can be permanent loss of hearing.
- Recurring Situations of Vertigo – Another common symptom of Meniere’s disease is recurring sessions of vertigo that begins and stops spontaneously. Frequent episodes of vertigo can occur without any prior warning and may last up to 20 minutes to numerous hours, but not for the entire day. As a result of severe vertigo, one may even experience vomiting and nausea.
- Feeling Sensation and Fullness in the Ear – Individuals suffering from Meniere’s disease might feel high pressure on the affected areas or on one or both sides of their heads.
- Tinnitus or Ringing Sound in the Ear – Usually, people suffering from Meniere’s disease can experience tinnitus, which is a ringing sound. Sometimes the sound can be roaring, whistling, hissing, and even buzzing in the ear.
So, if the symptoms of Meniere’s disease continue to occur then you must seek a doctor immediately as if left untreated, then this ailment can lead to severe illnesses.